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Number of results: 2( AU:Hossain ) AND ( jaar_vz:[2010 TO *] )


The paradox of recognition : Hijra, third gender and sexual rights in Bangladesh  / Adnan Hossain.

Culture, Health & Sexuality, 19 (2017) 12, p. 1418-1431
source: Culture, Health & Sexuality year: 19 (2017) 12 , p. 1418-1431
resume: Hijra, the iconic figure of South Asian gender and sexual difference, comprise a publicly institutionalised subculture of male-bodied feminine-identified people. Although they have existed as a culturally recognised third gender for a very long time, it is only recently that hijra have been legally recognised as a third gender in several South Asian countries. This paper focuses on the transformation of this long-running cultural category of third gender into a legal category of third gender in Bangladesh, showing that the process of legal recognition has necessitated a simultaneous mobilisation of a discourse of disability in the constitution of hijra as citizens worthy of rights. While the international community views the recognition of a third gender as a progressive socio-legal advance in the obtaining of sexual rights in a Muslim majority Bangladesh, locally, hijra are understood as a special group of people born with 'missing' or ambiguous genitals delinked from desire. Furthermore, what was previously a trope of disfigurement based on putative genital status has now been transformed into a discourse of disability, a corollary to which several interest groups, namely the civil society, the state, international community and hijra themselves, have all been party.

signature: dgb artikelen (hossa/par)

The paradox of recognition : Hijra, third gender and sexual rights in Bangladesh
dgb artikelen (hossa/par)
Adnan Hossain.
Culture, Health & Sexuality

Beyond Emasculation: Being Muslim and Becoming Hijra in South Asia  / Adnan Hossain.

Asian Study Review, 36 (2012) 4 (dec), p. 495-513
source: Asian Study Review year: 36 (2012) 4 (dec), p. 495-513
resume: Hijra, the icon of sex/gender non-conformism in South Asia, are 'male-bodied' people who identify as female and sacrifice their male genitals to a goddess in return for spiritual prowess. While hijra draw on a narrative tradition that creatively mingles Hinduism and Islam, scholars suggest that hijra exhibit a special bias towards Islam. In recent times, as in the more distant colonial past, that association has been drawn on the basis of emasculation, the putatively defining ritual of hijrahood. Drawing on ethnographic research in contemporary Bangladesh, this paper challenges the association between emasculation and hijrahood. Becoming a hijra is a complex process. Hijrahood is an identity acquired through various and repeated ritual and gender practices that are described by my interlocutors as hijragiri, "the occupations of the hijra'. Those occupations are construed as acts of devotion to both Muslim saints and Hindu mother goddesses, an eclectic cosmological frame of reference that defines and is practically acquired in and through ritual practice. I argue that hijra transcendence of the categorical boundaries and communal politics that divide Hindu and Muslim in South Asia is best accounted for neither in terms of an abstract theological pluralism nor in terms of hijra?s ascribed and chosen affiliations with other subalterns. What Reddy (2005) refers to as hijra "supra" religious/national subjectivities emerge out of the plurality of their daily life practices and the incessant material and symbolic comings and goings through which "hijrahood' is constructed in South Asia.

signature: dgb artikelen (hossa/bey)

Beyond Emasculation: Being Muslim and Becoming Hijra in South Asia
dgb artikelen (hossa/bey)
Adnan Hossain.
Asian Study Review


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